THE TRIUMPH OF RENAISSANCE: THE IMPRESSIVE REGAL ROOM AND DUCAL ROOM / INSIDE THE VATICAN PALACES #3

© Roberto Alborghetti - Sala Regia and Sala Ducale (12)

Sala Regia (Regal Room) and Sala Ducale (Ducal Room) are two beautiful rooms in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. They aren’t generally open to visitors: they usually host consistories, conferences, papal hearings or special events. I recently had the opportunity to visit them (I was in Rome to meet Pope Francis for the presentation of “Francis”, the illustrated and historical biography I wrote about him). Here some news (from New Advent website) about Sala Regia and Sala Ducale. They well represent the triumph of Renaissance.  

The Sala Regia (Regal Room)

 Although not intended as such, this broad room is really an antechamber to the Sistine Chapel, reached by the Scala Regia (Royal Staircase). To the left of the entrance formerly stood the papal throne, which is now at the opposite side before the door leading to the Cappella Paolina. The hall was begun under Paul III by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and was completed in 1573. The elegant barrel-vault is provided with the highly graceful and very impressive plaster decorations of Pierin del Vaga. The stucco ornaments over the doors are by Daniele da Volterra. The longitudinal walls are broken on the one side by two, and on the other by three, large doors, between which Giorgio Vasari and Taddeo Zuccaro have introduced very powerful frescoes, whose effect is more than ornamental. They depict momentous turning-points in the life of the Church, among others the return of Gregory XI from Avignon to Rome, the battle of Lepanto, the raising of the ban from Henry IV, and the reconciliation of Alexander III with Frederick Barbarossa. This hall served originally for the reception of princes and royal ambassadors. Today the consistories are held in it, and an occasional musical recital in the presence of the Pope; during a conclave it is a favourite promenade for the cardinals.

The Sala Ducale (Ducal Room)

The Sala Ducale lies between the Sala Regia and the Loggia of Giovanni da Udine. Formerly there were here two separate halls, which were converted into one by Bernini by the removal of the separating wall (the position of which is still clearly perceptible). The decorative paintings, which are of a purely ornamental nature, are by Raffaellino da Reggio, Sabbatini, and Matthæus Brill. In this impressive hall were formerly held the public consistories for the reception of ruling princes. It now serves occasionally for the reception of pilgrims, the consecration of bishops, when (as rarely happens) this is undertaken by the Pope, or is used for the accommodation of specified divisions of the papal household, when the pope holds a consistory in the Sala Regia, proceeds to the Sistine Chapel, or sets out with great solemnity for St. Peter’s.

(3 – To be continued)

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(HE)ART PLACES / THE WONDERFUL BYZANTINE BASILICA OF SANT’APOLLINARE IN RAVENNA (ITALY) SHOWING MOSAIC DECORATIONS DATED TO THE 6th CENTURY

© Photos: ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI

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Some weeks ago I had the pleasure to visit again the enchanting Basilica of Sant’ Apollinare in Classe a few kilometers from the beautiful Ravenna. Sant’Apollinare is one of the most important monuments of Byzantine art.  When the UNESCO inscribed eight Ravenna sites on the World Heritage List, it cited this basilica as “an outstanding example of the early Christian basilica in its purity and simplicity of its design and use of space and in the sumptuous nature of its decoration”.

It was erected at the beginning of 6th century by order of Bishop Ursicinus. It was certainly located next to a Christian cemetery, and quite possibly on top of a pre-existing pagan one. The Basilica was consecrated on May 9, 549 by Bishop Maximian and dedicated to Saint Apollinaris, first bishop of Ravenna and Classe. The exterior has a large façade with two simple uprights and one mullioned window with three openings. The narthex and building to the right of the entry are later additions. The  round bell tower with mullioned windows was built in the IX Century.

The church has a nave and two aisles. An ancient altar in the mid of the nave covers the place of the saint’s martyrdom. The church ends with a polygonal apse, sided by two chapels with apses. In the naive we admire  24 columns of Greek marble with carved capitals. The faded frescos portraits some of the archbishops of Ravenna.

The mosaic decorations in the apse and on the triumphal arch are the most striking features of Sant’Apollinare in Classe. Inside a medallion, in the  upper section of the triumphal arch, we see Christ. At the sides, the winged symbols of the four Evangelists: the Eagle (John), the Winged Man (Matthew), the Lion (Mark), the Calf (Luke). The lower section shows precious gems from which twelve lambs (symbols of the Twelve Apostles) exit. The sides of the arch show two palms (they represent justice), the archangels Michael and Gabriel, the bust of St. Matthew and another unidentified saint. The decoration of the apse date to the 6th century. The Basilica’s walls are lined by numerous sarcophagi from different centuries.

“THIS IS THE WAR…”: MY FATHER IN THE HELL OF KEFALONIA (SEPTEMBER 1943). REMEMBERING A TRAGEDY…

Kefalonia massacre happened exactly seventy years ago. My father Battista is a survivor of that terrible tragedy in which died about 9.000 Italian soldiers (September 1943) killed and exterminated by German Nazis.  I gathered his incredible story in a little book with the title : “Mio padre nell’inferno di Cefalonia” (English translation: My father in the hell of Kefalonia). Beneath you may read an  English abstract of the story. It’s a message for every people in the world. My father loves to repeat: “War is the worst thing in the world. Why are we so stupid to do it?” 

***mio-padre-nellinferno-di-cefalonia

MY FATHER IN THE HELL OF KEFALONIA

 A survivor memory, an unpunished massacre

and the State conspiracy of silence

BY ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI

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My father Battista told me…  A nightmare. This is still for me, Kefalonia. I’m a survivor. I was in that hell from November 1942 to November 1944, along with other 11.600 Italians. After September 8, 1943 – as a result of our refusal to surrender to the German army – about 9-10.000 Italian soldiers were massacred. A terrible massacre, that still remains in my eyes and on my mind. There are so many images about those awful days of terror: stories of war and death, written in the blood of so many young people who pursued the dream of a better Italy. I was nineteen years old when I was assigned to the Divisione Acqui – at 33th Artillery, First group, Second battery – on the Greek-Albanian front, already controlled by German Army. The armistice proclaimed in Italy by general Badoglio (September 8, 1943) changes our destinies. Germans claim our surrender, but they do not offer enough guarantees about Italian troops repatriation. Italian officers called a consultation between the military departments: it’s an unprecedented event in the modern army history. We decide to refuse surrender and not to give our weapons to the germans. And after that, the Apocalypse…

An historical photo: Battista Alborghetti (first on the left) and five fellows in Cefalonia in 1943 before the massacre.

An historical photo: Battista Alborghetti (first on the left) and five fellows in Cefalonia in 1943 before the massacre.

In the early hours of the battle I see my three companions dying. They fall down close to me. Some minutes later, a splinter of a grenade explosion hits my left leg. The Acqui Division – poor in weapons – is destroyed. People who do not succumb in the fighting they become prey of the Wehrmacht. German soldiers rakes the island, inch by inch. I escaped from the capture in a couple of occasions; I hide myself between mules and I repaire inside water pipes in the undergrowth. They capture me on September 21.

About 300 Officers (captains, lieutenats and second lieutenants) were captured and transferred to the sadly known “Red House”, in San Teodoro. Against every principle of the international conventions, they were shot within 36 hours, four people at a time… The corpses, weighed down with rolls of barbed wire, they were then thrown into the sea, sprinkled with petrol and burned in bonfires, whose light illuminated the night, leaving a foul smell in the air.

My companions were loaded onto trucks and taken somewhere: I won’t see them anymore. My friend, the second lieutenant Giampietro Matteri – from Dongo (Como), twenty-two years old – is killed on September 24. The same destiny for another friend, the second lieutenant Pillepich, from Trieste: I still remember the terror in his eyes when, together with eleven companions, he was dragged from the group. Few minutes later we heard the shots of machine guns, followed by cries of pain, yells, invocations. And then other shots. The finishing strokes.

At the concentration camp we were treated worse than beasts. In the morning, Wehrmacht officers assembled us, offering – as they were saying – “the chance to return to Italy”. But I always said to myself: if they want to kill me, I prefer that they do it here. We now know: who accepted that proposals were shot. They were shipped on steamers, as easy targets for Stukas airplanes or for floating mines. It’s what that happened to my compatriot, Ferdinando Mangili. He climbed aboard of one of those ships that were full of soldiers who looked forward to reach home… But the ship was sunk off and the waves returned the corpses… The Germans forced me to bury the dead, all around the island. Chaplain father Luigi Ghilardini and I, we recomposed corpses or what was left of bodies mangled by bullets and then devoured by ravens and vultures…

One day the nazis picked up us suddenly and they brought us in the square of Lixouri, where they deployed 13 Greeks accused of being partisans. Those poor people were hunged under our eyes. It happened that one of them – because of a broken rope – fell to the ground. He was still alive. Nazis soldiers took him and hung him again… If at that moment I had been given a stab, I would release even a single drop of blood, so I was shocked.

In October 1944, nazis abandoned Kefalonia: they were moving to other fronts. We remained on the island for nearly a month, as forgotten people. We scanned the horizon, waiting for a ship. We wanted to end this terrible experience. Finally on November 13, the Garibaldi and Artigliere ships landed to Argostoli ‘s port. We embarked to Taranto, but to be back home I will have to wait till June 5, in 1945. The war stole me everything but the joy to be back home, as well as the inability to forget Kefalonia, the dead, the extermination, the ferocity.

No medal, no bonuses, even no official apology from the German State – apology always denied, but never officially requested by Italy – can never compensate what was removed to thousands of young people, to thousands of families. Inside me, in addition to horror, remains the strength to repeat that all this cannot longer occurs. Never again. Never again. Never again.

© Copyright Roberto Alborghetti

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About Italian Division “Acqui” and Kefalonia Slaughter

http://www.associazioneacqui.it/

http://www.divisioneacqui.com/

http://www.mediterraneoass.com/

BYE-BYE NEIL…WALKIN’ IN THE MOON-LIGHT

ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI LACER/ACTIONS – MOON-LIGHT…/ IMAGE OF TORN AND DECOMPOSED PUBLICITY POSTER – 2009

“MOON-LIGHT / BYE-BYE NEIL…”

LaceR/Actions Project

Realistic and not manipulated image

(2009)

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Roberto Alborghetti ‘s LaceR/Actions is a multidisciplinary project and research about the apparent chaos of ripped and decomposed posters and urban/street signs.

Transferred on canvas, reproduced on lithographs or textiles (as pure silk), or scanned in videoclips, the details of torn posters give new life to paper lacerations and decomposition, as you may see in this image (in memory of Neil Armstrong) reproducing one of the 40.000 images captured by Roberto Alborghetti during his research all around the world.

His next big show (“Colors of an Apocalypse: An Intrigue for the Eyes and Mind from the Decomposed Publicity Posters”) will take place at Aldobrandesca Fortress (XIII Century) in Tuscany, from October 6 to November 4, 2012 .

COLORS FOR MARILYN MONROE / GRAPHIC RE-ELABORATIONS BASED ON HER HISTORIC ”RED VELVET” PHOTOGRAPHIC COLOR SEPARATIONS NOW OFFERED FOR SALE

COLORS FOR MARILYN MONROE / ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI’S GRAPHIC RE-ELABORATIONS – BASED ON MARILYN’S HISTORIC ”RED VELVET” PHOTOGRAPHIC COLOR SEPARATIONS NOW OFFERED FOR SALE

A Las Vegas art collector and owner of the original, one-of-a-kind color separations used to produce the iconic “Golden Dreams” calendars from the famous 1949 Marilyn Monroe “Red Velvet” photo shoot, is offering them for sale. These color separations were originally created and owned by the John Baumgarth Company and were discovered as part of a corporate art collection in 2010. The collection is in pristine condition and archivally preserved and presented. It’s a great opportunity for art collectors.

The most glamorous icon of the 20th Century was captured for all time in a moment of youthful, exuberant sensuality – an unforgettable image that, more than 60 years later, communicates freshness. To reproduce the refined features, supple texture and luxurious tones that were so totally Marilyn, print artisans painstakingly created and corrected the many layers of film needed for the full color printing process to make the original Chromalin color proof – a masterpiece of printer’s art.

The Kodachrome photograph and twenty-one large format color separations (16” x 33”) offered for sale were used by Baumgarth to create the iconic image of Marilyn Monroe – she passed away 50 years ago, August 5, 1962 – featured in the first “Golden Dreams” calendar produced in 1951, before the identity of the blonde bombshell posing for the photos was known (the model wasn’t identified as Marilyn until 1952), and which went on to sell over eight million copies worldwide, making Marilyn the best-selling calendar girl of all time.

COLORS FOR MARILYN MONROE / ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI’S GRAPHIC RE-ELABORATIONS – BASED ON MARILYN’S HISTORIC ”RED VELVET” PHOTOGRAPHIC COLOR SEPARATIONS NOW OFFERED FOR SALE

The collection also includes the “Lure of Lace” and “Entrancing” images that featured Marilyn wearing negligees in order to comply with U.S. postal regulations banning the transport of nude images.

The Kodachrome photograph is framed and the color separations are mounted and protected in OP3 museum-quality acrylic frames so that they may be appreciated, when artfully suspended, from both sides. These are the original separations used to produce the large format calendars and the only known surviving examples, which are documented to have changed hands through a series of corporate acquisitions spanning several decades.

When Marilyn showed up to do the calendar shoot at Tom Kelley‘s studio on Friday, May 27, 1949, her need was dire and immediate; her contracts with 20th Century Fox and Columbia had not been renewed and she was out of work.  The photo shoot was commissioned by Baumgarth, who paid Kelley $500 for the publication rights. It has been reported that Marilyn received $50, which was exactly what she needed to get back her car that had been impounded. Marilyn only agreed to do the shoot if Kelley’s wife Natalie was present.

COLORS FOR MARILYN MONROE / ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI’S GRAPHIC RE-ELABORATIONS – BASED ON MARILYN’S HISTORIC ”RED VELVET” PHOTOGRAPHIC COLOR SEPARATIONS NOW OFFERED FOR SALE

Only two of the 24 images taken during the shoot, entitled by Baumgarth “A New Wrinkle” and “Golden Dreams,” survived and made it to print, with the others mysteriously stolen from Kelley’s studio. “A New Wrinkle” graced one Baumgarth calendar, but the picture that captured a nation’s imagination was “Golden Dreams.”

Neither the photographer nor the 22-year-old blonde actress and model could have realized what an historic moment they were creating. In her contract with Kelley, the starlet signed under the pseudonym Mona Monroe (right). When her movie studio, 20th Century-Fox, first learned that the nude pinup hanging in gas stations from coast to coast was none other than its rising star, it was something of a scandal. The press assailed her with questions. Was it true she had posed with “nothing on”?

The studio’s initial reaction was to deny everything.  Studios such as 20th Century-Fox had stringent moral clauses in their contracts that were designed to intimidate actors and actresses. No celebrity had ever posed nude and then had the pictures distributed to a startled nation. Biographers agree that Marilyn was instrumental in persuading the studio that their natural inclination to deny the whole thing was the wrong way to go. Instead, Marilyn used an upcoming interview with Aline Mosby, a reporter with United Press International, to break the story on March 13, 1952:

COLORS FOR MARILYN MONROE / ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI’S GRAPHIC RE-ELABORATIONS – BASED ON MARILYN’S HISTORIC ”RED VELVET” PHOTOGRAPHIC COLOR SEPARATIONS NOW OFFERED FOR SALE

“A photograph of a beautiful nude blonde on a 1952 calendar is hanging in garages and barbershops all over the nation today.  Marilyn Monroe admitted today that the beauty is she. She posed, stretched out on rumpled red velvet for the artistic photo 3 years ago because “I was broke and needed the money. Oh, the calendar’s hanging in garages all over town,” said Marilyn.  “Why deny it? You can get one any place.  Besides, I’m not ashamed of it.  I’ve done nothing wrong.”

The story ended up being picked up by every wire service and circulated around the world. The reaction was swift and immediate national forgiveness. Not only that, but the sensation of the pictures, her interview and all of the related controversy made Marilyn an even bigger star.

In December 1953, an astute young publisher named Hugh Hefner bought the rights from Baumgarth to reproduce the “Golden Dreams” image as the first “Sweetheart of the Month,” in the now historic inaugural issue of Playboy magazine. The success of that first issue enabled Hefner to continue producing the magazine and ultimately build his Playboy Empire.

In addition to the Red Velvet Collection, many of the original paintings in the Messenger Art Collection are being offered for sale.

Visit the website www.messengerartcollection.com and click on Masterpieces for Sale.

For contacts: ro.alb@alice.it

IN THIS IMPRESSIVE TUSCANY FORTRESS THE NEXT ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI SHOW: “COLORS OF AN APOCALYPSE /AN INTRIGUE FOR THE EYES AND MIND FROM DECOMPOSED PUBLICITY POSTERS”

VIDEOCLIP : ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI SHOW 2012 : “COLORS OF AN APOCALYPSE”

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The next Roberto Alborghetti Lacer/actions Show (“Colors of an Apocalypse – An Intrigue for the  Eyes and Mind from Decomposed Publicity Posters“) will take place in a wonderful and impressive location: the Rocca Aldobrandesca – a XIII Century fortress in Tuscany (Siena, Italy) – from October 6 to November 5, 2012. The exhibition is one of the most awaited Italian events of Fall 2012 and has been organized by Piancastagnaio Municipality and Siena Territory Communities and Osa Onlus. 

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There is a great expectation for this event: simply browse the site – www.robertoalborghetti.wordpress.com/ –  where there’s a page about the exhibition. The title couldn’t be more hit for this exceptional exhibition sponsored by the Municipality and Osa. Roberto Alborghetti will show forty artworks that symbolically represent the meaning of his artistic research, based on observation and reproduction of  one of the several “apocalypses” of our times, namely the decomposed and torn publicity posters we see on walls and along the streets. 

Roberto Alborghetti looks inside this great Babel of decomposed colors and words degraded by time, environment and humans. He draws chromatic energy from trash images, giving new life and reason to what is considered (for the eyes and the urban landscape) a rejection or a disturbing element. The historic  Piancastagnaio fortress, evoking the passage of times, offers an ideal space to enhance the contrasting language of colors and shapes of Roberto Alborghetti compositions.

The “Lacer /actions” Show will be accompanied by forums, workshops and videoshows created by Alborghetti. The exhibition will also feature a limited-edition of a three silk scarves series which Roberto Alborghetti produced in collaboration with renowned textile designer Bruno Boggia who worked with the most famous international fashion designers.              

But let’s know something more about this fascinating fortress, one of the most impressive Medieval Italian castles, a perfect location for Roberto Alborghetti artpieces. Since the 11th century the area of southern Tuscany around the castle of Piancastagnaio was the object of the expansionist politics of the powerful feudal family of the Aldobrandeschi. The whole territory is rich in historical remains tied to these potentates. Between the possessions of the Aldobrandeschi, Piancastagnaio was almost always the site of allotted to the noble family from the monks of the Abbey of S.Salvatore since the beginning of the year 1000. Subsequently it was claimed from the Viscounts of Campiglia and during the 13th century it became object of ulterior disputes between the cities of Siena and Orvieto.

The Orvietani gained control of the powerful fortress in the 1303 and maintained it for around fifty years. At this point they entered in the quarrel with the heirs of the Aldobrandeschi, the Orsini of Pitigliano, to       oppose the new aims of the Senese Republic. Only between the years 1415 and 1430 Siena finally succeeded to taking possession of Piancastagnaio,       that was attached to the Capitanato of Radicofani. In 17th century the settlement became a Granducal fief and finally, with the Leopoldine reforms, the chief town of the the same community.

The country town has a circular form, once had surrounding wall enclosure with alternating square towers and four gates. The walls and the gates       have been almost entirely demolished, with the exception of few lines, three towers, two with semicircular shape and the other squared, the main       city Gate beside the Rocca and other three minor Gates in the southern front of the walls: ‘Porta Romana’, ‘Porticciola’ e ‘Porta di Voltaia’.

In the highest point of the inhabited area rises still today the mighty Rocca Aldobrandesca. The construction has a square form and is endowed with tall and strongly inclined walls. From the enclosure rises two towers , the greatest, either as thickest, had functions of keep, the other, in the opposite angle,       defended the underlying gate of access to the city.

The whole complex was endowed with machicoulis and battlement, still today almost intact. The Rocca is under good condition thanks to careful work of  restoration.

ROBERTO ALBORGHETTI LACER/ACTIONS SHOW AT ROCCA ALDOBRANDESCA 7 THE OFFICIAL POSTER

“THE ROLLING STONES – 50 YEARS”: MONSTER-MEGA 2000 PAGES+EBOOK / A VERY SPECIAL PREVIEW: AN UNFORGETTABLE INTERVIEW WITH MICK JAGGER

“THE ROLLING STONES – 50 YEARS”: MONSTER-MEGA 2000 PAGES+EBOOK – The Early Stones

The German start-up The eBook People GmbH, a spin-off of the publishing house The Interview People GmbH (www.theinterviewpeople.com), is going to release its first comprehensive eBook in July which will feature the 50th stage anniversary of the band The Rolling Stones. Title: “The Rolling Stones – 50 Years”, Subtitle: “Views From The Inside – Views From The Outside”.

The eBook will be released in two parts. It will contain archive material from newspapers: old (partially not yet digitalized and inaccessible) articles, interviews, audios and images and put them all together in a two part ebook containing more than 2,000 pages! Part one will feature the first 25 years in 25 single chapters. Same with the second 25 years.

All of this is going to be edited and introduced by a great music journalist who is also working for the biggest national daily newspaper in Switzerland. His name is Hanspeter Künzler and among others he also works for Germany’s biggest music magazine “Musikexpress.”

The eBook is available at amazon.com, iTunes and selected publishing houses cooperating with The eBook People GmbH. Vogue Magazine is already covering it:
http://www.vogue.de/kultur/kultur-blog/total-stoned-ein-mega-e-book-zu-den-rolling-stones-ist-in-planung


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MICK JAGGER: “YOU DON´T WANT TO PARTY EVERY NIGHT WITH THE DRUGS AND THE GIRLS AND THE ROCK’N’ROLL BUT SOME NIGHTS YOU MIGHT”

An unforgettable interview (2003) from The eBook “The Rolling Stones – 50 years”

Credit: Patrik Mallberg / The Interview People

“THE ROLLING STONES – 50 YEARS”: MONSTER-MEGA 2000 PAGES+EBOOK – The Early Stones

Paris in spring 2003, several weeks before the Stones kicked off their 2003 world tour. There is music coming out of the lobby bar at one of the most famous hotels in Paris. One sign that we’ve popped into a very special place is the pricing of two long drinks and a club sandwich. You can almost afford an inner European flight for that money – and I’m not talking economy class. Three other German journalists have the pleasure to talk to Mick before I get to do it. And you never know: do they ask questions that will make him upset? Is he not going to be in the mood for any further conversation with a journalist? But it doesn’t seem so. Mick’s publicist, a very kind , friendly and funny guy takes me up the stairs to the first floor. “Don’t you wanna look into my bag in terms of security,” I ask the gentleman. Walking half a meter before me he turns his head around, smiles and says: “Nope, we are not Madonna.”

Entering the room Mick appears to be so much smaller than you know him from TV appearances. Smiling, he welcomes me with a hand-shake and is ready to talk right away…

Hi Mick, what have been your career highlights?

Mick Jagger: It was great to getting the band going the very first time because you start to be successful for the first year or first couple of years and you´re like: All your little teenage dreams are, so to speak, coming true and you feel young and very ambitious and you’re starting to be successful – that feels really good, like getting your first job, doesn’t it?

What about the bad times?

Mick Jagger: Bad times. There’re lots of bad times in a career, you know. The Rolling Stones have had a pretty long career and always there´s been good things and bad things. People die, you know. But I mean I guess most of the times it´s been pretty positive.

What would you do if you had the chance to use a time  machine?

Mick Jagger: It´s quite interesting, you know. Do you ever read history books about “What if?”. What if Napoleon had conquered Russia and then it wouldn´t be like … and so it´s interesting if you follow these books through to their logical conclusions but it´s not really interesting unless you can do that. You know it is easy for me to say: Would have been nice if I had been a film director or a ballet dancer or an accountant. What would have happened? But you don’t know the answer.

Do believe in fate?

Mick Jagger: I don´t. But the problem is that your not completely in control of your life when you´re young. 

Have you ever told your children to do or not to do  something because of your experience?

Mick Jagger: You´re always telling and that’s what it is to do, it’s parenthood. What you do is giving parts of your experience to them. I mean, you don´t always save them from real life. Or you can use examples. That´s what you do with children all the time. 

Someone once said: If you don´t advance, you´re dead. So:  How far can you still advance after your big success?

Mick Jagger: You have to keep yourself from just repeating yourself. It´s very difficult to do in anything. Wether you´re a writer or a journalist or a painter. Especially the rock business is very narrow. It´s like a very narrow political party with very few views in it. And as soon as you´re striving it goes: “Oh no, wait a minute!” If you do a rock show with 25 half naked dancers, everyone goes: “Oh no but it´s awful, you can´t do that!” So the confines of it are very narrow and it´s very hard to keep anything interesting going within the narrow confines. So there are many, many conventions that you have to keep up.

Do you think that bands these days also have the chance  of becoming as big as the Stones are?

Mick Jagger: I think so. I mean the only thing is it´s been going longer as a musical form. So rock music as defined by, let’s say four blokes playing in a band, was quite new in the early 60ies. But now it´s 40 years old as you put it out. The whole idea and form is older now. So how many generations? Two? Three generations? So it´s like an old thing being handed down now. It´s probably more difficult to make such splash as it was, for that reason.

Do you have to do so much light show and other stuff on  stage?

Mick Jagger: It depends where you´re touring. In the early 60ties where you were playing in theatres, people don´t do a tremendous amount of all that stuff. And it was going on in the sixties. That´s where it all started, I mean there were a lot of that. But we´re going to play a theatre show that is very little, so in the Circus Krone show shouldn’t be much pyrotechnics. But if you´re playing in a bigger stadium, you gotta do something visual. You can´t just go on. That’s like a guitarist view of world.

Doesn’t that keep the attention away from the audience?

Mick Jagger: Yeah, but I think that really when you go to a big stadium show the people that go, “the punters” as we call them, are not really just going to hear some pristine music, it´s just a sort of allround experience. It´s halfway between going to a football match and a music show. You´re really looking forward, you want something to enhance your experience visually. To amplify and enhance the experience you need a bit more than just the music. The thing is that musicians think that´s all the people want, but I don´t share that view. 

Are you very extraordinary when it comes to choose the  hotel room or suite?

Mick Jagger: I don´t know, not really. (laughs) It´s sort of silly. When I´m working I like to have certain things. When I´m not working I do not really care about them very much. But when you´re working you want certain things. I don´t like to have a noisy traffic too much because then I can´t sleep for the show. The problem is: When you´re working you don´t want to sleep late because you want to be ready for a nine o´clock show rather than nine to five job. So I don´t like staying in the hotels that are noisy. 

You are over 60 years of age. Do you still like to party with the girls, drugs and Rock´n´Roll after every show?

Mick Jagger: No, you don´t want to party every night with the drugs and the girls and the Rock’n’Roll but some nights you might … 

Are the hotel-lobbies still as crowded with groupies as they used to be?

Mick Jagger: Well, some places are good. But it is not really where you look for your entertainment, to be honest.

What music are you currently listening to?

Mick Jagger: I don´t know, I listen to a lot of stuff that I bought when I was to see what´s in the store. The other day I bought some new records. I listen to some jazz. I mean I listen to everything to be honest. I´ve been to India, listened to a lot of Hindi-dance-music, it´s like pop here in England. 

Someone said that this tour was announced to be the last …

Mick Jagger: Well, I don´t know. You know, that’s the entertaining thing: You don´t really know what´s gonna happen. I´m planning and trying to work out what´s gonna happen next. So I´ve been working on what´s gonna happen at the next Rolling Stones shows.