ACS magazine, founded in Chicago (USA) 4 years ago by Renèe LaVerné Rose (publisher and editor in chief) in the new January/February issue dedicates a special story in occasion of the 500th anniversary of Leonardo da Vinci’s death.

The story, that I wrote esclusively for ACS magazine, is dedicated to the incredible Leicester Code, wrote by Leonardo and now exhibited in Florence at the Uffizi Galleries.  The article (Title: “The Leicester Code: The vision on the world by the Genius of Leonardo”) celebrates the 500th anniversary of the death of one of the icon-figures of the history of mankind.

Roberto Alborghetti ’s story starts on page 101 in the ACS Magazine January/February 2019 issue at  





Sala 35 - Nuova sala di Leonardo 1

After the unveiling of a new arrangement of masterpieces by Caravaggio and other XVII Century artists and the new room dedicated to Michelangelo and Raffaello, Uffizi Gallery continues its renewal with a room devoted to Leonardo da Vinci.


The new Leonardo Room at Florence’s Uffizi Gallery (Room 35 in the West Wing), officially opened yesterday, displays three paintings by Leonardo, all of which were made originally for churches, hence why the room’s walls are painted pale gray using a spatula effect. To ensure optimal conditions, the paintings are contained in special glass display cases that reduce light refraction without detracting from the visitor experience.


On the left stands The Baptism of Christ, painted for the San Salvi Church in 1475-78, when Leonardo was still working with Andrea del Verrocchio. The painting highlights the divisions in tasks within the workshop in terms of style and technique between the master and his pupil.


The Annunciation can be seen on the facing wall. Hailing from the church of Monteoliveto, the angel casts its shadow over the flowering meadow, closing its wings upon landing like a bird.


In the centre of the room visitors can wonder at the Adoration of the Magi, commissioned for the church of San Donato a Scopeto, and which was left unfinished when Leonardo went to Milan in 1482 to work for Ludovico Sforza. The painting underwent a five-year restoration at Florence’s Opificio delle Pietre Dure, financed by the Friends of the Uffizi. The altarpiece offers insight into Da Vinci’s creative process with some parts more advanced, while other brush strokes point to an infancy in style and technique.


Eike Schmdt, director of the Uffizi Galleries,  explained the draw of the Leonardo Room. “The new arrangement has been designed not only to permit a slow, meditated visit, whereby visitors can compare the art and understand the stylistic evolution of Leonardo in his youth, but it is also correct in terms of art history, placing the artist’s works immediately after the rooms dedicated to the Florentine Quattrocento…It is part of a set of changes implemented to adjust the Uffizi to the needs of understanding by visitors as well as adhering to the museum’s educational principles.”


Held in the beautiful Montepulciano (Tuscany) at the Fortezza, the exhibition Anatomies: Machines, Man, Nature places emphasis on the Renaissance genius’ concept that machines, the human body and nature are all governed by the same universal laws. Expect masterful drawings that mark the birth of modern scientific illustration and models of Da Vinci’s futuristic machines.

The exhibition features some of Leonardo’s ambitious projects, which illustrate very well his inclination to put himself to the test by taking on highly complex subjects. Man’s dream since ancient times, flight takes shape in his studies and in the machines he devised. Leonardo also tackled the idea of providing motion to inanimate objects: the self-propelled cart and the mechanical lion bear powerful witness to the results with a highly innovative potential that he was able to achieve. Lastly, the project for the giant bronze equestrian monument in memory of Francesco Sforza represents additional proof of the exceptional intelligence and determination with which Leonardo dealt with the most daring technological and artistic challenges.

One of the most innovative aspects of Leonardo’s contribution is his analysis of the “organs” of machines, that he considered not as an indivisible whole, but as an assemblage of distinct parts. He applied the same method to the study of the human body, whose organs he regarded as highly sophisticated mechanical devices. For Leonardo, even the Earth is a vast organism whose motions are governed by the universal mechanical laws of Nature. The exhibition features working models of the machines conceived by Da Vinci and a gallery of mechanical, anatomical and geological studies from his notebooks.

Exhibition Dates

21.04.2018 – 07.10.2018 Montepulciano (SI), Fortezza

Tickets cost 5 euro; open daily 10.30am-7.30pm. For more information, visit


Leonardo da Vinci’s Adoration of the Magi has recovered much of its original colouring after a painstaking restoration. The artwork has returned to Florence’s Uffizi Gallery after being taken to the Opificio Delle Pietre Dure institute for restoration in 2011 due to serious deterioration of the surface.
The painting will be the star of a special show opening on Tuesday after the restoration conducted with the help of the financial support of the Amici degli Uffizi (Friends of the Uffizi) association.

The panel was commissioned from the Augustinian Friars for the church of San Donato in Scopeto in 1481. The artist left it unfinished after moving to Milan in 1482, prompting the friars to ask Filippino Lippi to produce another altarpiece on the same subject. That work was completed in 1496. Leonardo’s painting, the biggest survivor panel of the master at 246 x 243 cm, was housed at the Benci family’s properties in Florence for some time before entering the Medici collections.




In Cesenatico ( Adriatic Sea, Italy) the old sailing vessels of the Marine Museum are moored side by side with modern fishing boats which still punctuate with their time out of the Harbour, designed by Leonardo, on the docks where there is the city life. The old fish market, still active, just steps from the Piazzetta and preservation where fish was stored in the ancient and characteristic artifacts excavated in the soil.

Located near the ancient Roman settlement of Ad Novas, “Porto Cesenatico” was officially founded at the beginning of the fourteenth century, when Cesena dig a channel for berthing of boats and puts a rock in his defense. The seaport is becoming more important, thanks to the works performed during the Malatesta in the fifteenth century, to prevent the silting of the harbor.

The port channel runs through the center and houses historic boats, modern boats, fishing nets and cries of gulls, the voices of the sailors mingle in the life of the city in a place that can boast the title of Porto Leonardesco. The daily life still takes place mainly along the docks, and interwoven with references to the appearances of a maritime labor time and truly spectacular floating exhibition of historical boats sailing in the Maritime Museum, that of winter become home to one of the most unusual nativity of Italy.

The harbor was dug at the beginning of the fourteenth century, perhaps in the footsteps of an ancient port, was by then the subject of ongoing work by hydraulic engineers, among which we remember above all that of Leonardo da Vinci, who made a careful survey and a drawing in 1502 on behalf of Caesar Borgia, which aims to improve and strengthen it. Around the harbor is developed over time the town of Cesenatico, divided into two districts of the “Monte” and “Vlore”, with the fishermen’s houses, warehouses for goods, and canned fish. Ciceruacchio still visible in the square the perimeter of the Tower Pretoria, which once stood in defense of the raids of Barbary pirates and functions of the customs and maritime defense of healthcare.

In the heart of the historic center of Cesenatico, the harbor Leonardesco as a living museum and everything to see, which can also count on stable and qualified supply of a network of cultural institutions all located on its banks: the Maritime Museum, Casa Moretti, Antiquarian Hall.
In the most recent and most tract near the sea, the Port Channel branches off to the east, the Mazzarini vein, an artificial channel dug in the mid nineteenth century, with tree-lined shores, while to the west opens up the dock. Here, in the most inner basin, home to the marina, while in the outer basin (the “dog” for old sailors) there are tourist motorboats, a part of the fishing fleet, shipyards and maintenance services, and a modern slipway.

The “Floating Maritime Museum”, the only one in Italy, is located in the most ancient and characteristic feature of the port of Cesenatico. This synthesis of many centuries of maritime history: small and large events related to boats, fishing and maritime trade. Cesenatico from its origin until the economic upturn in tourism, is always identified with the port.
The floating section of the museum contains the prototypes of the boats and middle Adriatic, which in summer are still showing the colorful sails on the third decorated with symbols of the families of fishermen, who frequented the port of Cesenatico after the disappearance of the lateen sail and before the advent of motorization.

In the floor section of the Marine Museum are exhibited the navy, the tools to use, and are appropriately described the techniques of construction of the hulls and those used for the various types of fishing and sails for the maneuver. Cesenatico today, with its docks, canals, water veins and the Maritime Museum, evokes the harsh experiences of the human past, to teach present and future generations a way certainly more aware of life at sea.





Cesenatico is an historical resort city on the Riviera Adriatica (Forlì-Cesena Country, Italy). For its relaxing and elegant atmosphere it is called the “living room of Adriatic Sea”.  Here, the old fish market, still active, is within walking distance from the modern wholesale market. And the old sailing ships stand side by side with modern fishing boats. You may find them on the beautiful and ancient harbour designed by the genius of the great Leonardo Da Vinci.

The so called Porto Canale ( Port Channel) is the main axis of the old town. On the docks still takes place social life and it’s one of the visitors favorite sites. The Port, however, is also the main historical monument of the city, which follows the lines drawn by Leonardo da Vinci in 1502 when working for Cesare Borgia, one of the sons of Pope Alexander VI. Along the harbor, you may visit the beautiful Maritime Museum and the house belonged to Marino Moretti (one of the greatest Italian poets).

Along the Channel, there is a floating section of the Museum. Here incredible under sails old boats are on permanent show. Every boat exhibits different designs. It’s a spectacular scenary, to be seen also during the night time. In Piazza Pisacane you admire the monument dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi (who stayed in Cesenatico, with his wife Anita). In the large square Ciceruacchio there ‘re still on the ground the traces of an ancient tower that once guarded the port from the pirates attacks. Nearer the sea, close to the lighthouse, the massive doors now are defending the town from seastorms: it’s a modern technology project reproduced on the example of Leonardo ‘s intuitions.

The picturesque Piazzetta delle Conserve, located in the heart of the city, owes its name to the buildings excavated in the ground where was placed the fish mashed up with snow and ice. That it was an intelligent solution to preserve fish for a long time, before the invention of refrigerators.

Tel. 039 (0)547 673287 (Tourism Office)


 Cesenatico (Emilia Romagna, Italy): at Christmas time the boats of the floating section of the Marine Museum become the stage of an incredible crib on the water.


According to a research made some years ago by an international films company, it’s one of the most photographed Italian places. I’m talking about the artistic Crib on Water that we may admire in Cesenatico (Romagna Coast, Italy) during these weeks.

At Christmas time, from the first Sunday of December till the Epiphany, the boats of the floating section of the Marine Museum become the stage of the Marine Crib. The crib was created in 1986 and is the work of the artists Tinin Mantegazza, Maurizio Bertoni and Mino Savadori, from an original idea of Guerrino Gardini. The first statue sculpted was S. Giacomo, patron saint of Cesenatico, after that many other have been joined during the years. These are not only traditional statues, but characters inspired by the lives of ordinary people in a fishing village: fishermen, carpenters, puppeteers, fishmongers, a woman with the piadina (fleat bread), children and musicians.

Together with the Holy Family and the traditional shepherds, we can see someone who is mending his nets, leading the boats or selling fish; without neglecting singular particulars as the presence of a group of dolphins looking out the water with curiosity. The statues are life-size: faces, hands, feet and all exposed parts are etched in pine wood ; the clothes are made of cloth stiffened by the brushwork hot wax on wooden structures which have been strengthened throught a metal frame molded to desired shape. The result is a very effective scene, made more suggestive by the lights of the boats reflected on the water .

Each year a new statue is added to the Crib. From the 7 figures of the first edition in 1986, today the sculptural heritage includes fifty statues. The artists Bertoni and Savadori have been carrying out the project of equipping each boat with a skipper and a crew. The figures are thought as elements of a performance, that can be admired from the banks of the Leonardo Canal Port just like an audience. The atmosphere becomes magical at nightfall because thousands of lights give life to the figures.

The Marine Crib is promoted and organized by Comune di Cesenatico and Gesturist Cesenatico Spa with the collaboration of BCC Sala, BCC Gatteo Mare and Banca Romagna Cooperativa.


Viale Roma 112 – 47042 Cesenatico

Ph: +39 547 673287 – fax +39 547 673288

Toll -free 800 556900




Enjoy with your family the charming crib on the water (opening on the 5th December), the Christmas markets along the canal harbour and the exhibitions organized in Cesenatico during the Christmas period. From the 23rd of December to 6th of January the Tourist Information Office will offer best value vacation packages both in 3 or 4 stars hotels. 2 or 3 nights stay packages in 3 or 4 stars hotels: Double room + discounts for children; Bed & breakfast; Visit to the cribs in the historical centre, the Marine crib and the crib in Piazza delle Conserve; Entry to the exhibitions at the Museo della Marineria, at Casa Moretti and at the Anita Garibaldi Art Gallery.


2 nights 129€ per person

3 nights 139€ per person


2 nights 169€ per person

3 nights 179€ per person


Cesenatico allestisce un Presepe che è unico al mondo: non ci sono grotte o capanne con i sentieri coperti di muschio, le cime innevate e le pecorelle al pascolo a fare da sfondo alla Natività, bensì Bragozzi, Battane, Lance, Trabaccoli Paranze e Barchét, le antiche e coloratissime imbarcazioni dell’alto e medio Adriatico. Nella romantica cornice del porto canale leonardesco le antiche imbarcazioni del Museo della Marineria ospitano la Sacra Famiglia, i Re Magi e tutti gli altri personaggi del presepe, e qui, accolto da tre delfini scolpiti, la notte di Natale, nascerà il Bambino. A fare da sfondo c’è la città con lo scorcio suggestivo delle antiche Conserve e delle case colorate che si specchiano nell’acqua del porto canale.

Il Presepe, iniziato nel 1986, è opera degli artisti Maurizio Bertoni e Mino Savadori su progetto di Tinin Mantegazza e da un’idea di Guerrino Gardini. La prima statua, dopo la sacra Famiglia e i Re Magi è stata quella di S. Giacomo, Patrono di Cesenatico. Nel corso degli anni se ne sono aggiunte altre che rappresentano personaggi e “scorci” di vita della marineria locale: il burattinaio con il suo teatrino, i pescatori, la piadinaia, il suonatore di fisarmonica, gli angeli. I volti, le mani, i piedi e tutte le parti esposte delle statue sono scolpiti in legno di cirmolo. Gli abiti sono realizzati in tela e i voluminosi drappeggi (modellati su un’intricata rete di metallo), sono ottenuti grazie ad uno strato di cera pennellata a caldo. I colori sono quelli con cui venivano tinte le vele e la cera è quella che serviva per ammorbidire il sartiame. Il risultato è di grande effetto ed è reso ancora più suggestivo dalle luci che avvolgono le imbarcazioni.

Quest’anno, tra l’altro, il Presepe galleggiante ha ricevuto il prestigioso riconoscimento “Patrimonio d’Italia per la tradizione”, conferitogli direttamente dal Ministero del Turismo per “la sua capacità di mantenere vivo il folklore e le tradizioni del territorio, pur rinnovandole ed adeguandole al mutamento dei tempi e trasformandole in attrattori turistici in grado di registrare una sempre più ampia e crescente partecipazione”.
L’inaugurazione del Presepe della Marineria ha avuto  luogo domenica 4 dicembre 2011 alle ore 17.30 e l’accensione delle luminarie che rivestono tutte le barche della marineria, è stata preceduta dal concerto degli alunni del 1° Circolo didattico di Cesenatico in “Adeste Fidelis”.

Il 4 dicembre è stato predisposto da Poste Italiane, uno speciale annullo filatelico dedicato al Presepe, mentre nei giorni festivi di dicembre e gennaio, al Museo della Marineria, sarà possibile acquistare la cartolina ricordo con l’annullo. Da vedere anche il Presepe delle Conserve (dal 11 dicembre 2011 al 6 gennaio 2012), più tradizionale e collocato nella suggestiva piazzetta dove si possono ammirare le antiche Conserve (o ghiacciaie) che, riempite con ghiaccio o neve, avevano la funzione di conservare il pesce.

Ogni fine settimana, per tutto il periodo delle festività  nel centro storico, verranno organizzati mercatini di Natale (8-10-11-17-18-26 dicembre e 1-6-7-8 gennaio), spettacoli per grandi e piccini, musica, giochi, animazione e, la notte di Capodanno, appuntamento da non perdere con Capodanno sul Porto, per salutare insieme l’arrivo del nuovo anno all’insegna della buona musica , dell’allegria e del divertimento, con un grande concerto della Dino Gnassi Corporation Band in Piazza Ciceruacchio e lo splendido spettacolo di fuochi d’artificio  sul Porto canale leonardesco.

Il Presepe della Marineria è realizzato dal Comune di Cesenatico e Gesturist Cesenatico Spa in collaborazione con BCC di Sala, BCC di Gatteo e Banca Romagna Cooperativa.


(offerta valida dal 23/12/2011 al 02/01/2012)

 Trattamento pernottamento e prima colazione in camera doppia

(*compreso notte di Natale e Capodanno)

 Hotel 3 stelle

2 notti € 129,00

3 notti € 139,00

 Hotel 4 stelle

2 notti € 169,00

3 notti € 179,00

 Prezzo per persona inclusivo di ingresso alle mostre presso Museo della Marineria, Casa Moretti, Galleria d’arte Comunale Leonardo Da Vinci e visita ai Presepi del centro storico (Presepe della Marineria e Presepe delle Conserve)

(*quotazione pranzo di Natale e cenone di Capodanno su richiesta)

 Per informazioni e prenotazioni:

Cesenatico Turismo – Viale Roma 112 – 47042 Cesenatico (FC)
tel. 0547/673287 – n. verde 800 556 900

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